The Empire State Building is an American cultural icon, continues to attract world-wide tourists, and serves as a symbol of the American spirit. Located in New York City, in mid-town Manhattan, it was the tallest building in the world from 1931 until 1972. It was also the first building over 100 floors. Though no longer the tallest building in the world, or in America, it remains the tallest building in New York City. It has been visited by over 110 million people.
Its popularity can largely be attributed to its overwhelming height, its simulated New York sky ride, and public observation deck, as well as serving as a location of hundreds of popular movies, television shows, and being a center of radio broadcasts. The most famous movie involving the Empire State Building is “King Kong,” which depicted a giant ape standing on top of the empire state building in 1933. This was followed by films such as the 1956, “An Affair To Remember,” and more recently, “Sleepless in Seattle,” and “Independence Day.”
It has also served as the location of the ball drop on New Year’s Eve, marking the beginning of a new year. Its impressive lights on the upper floors of the building have helped celebrate American holidays, commemorated American artists and sports, and marked historical events. It has also been used by television news stations as a scoreboard for announcing presidential elections.
It is one of the wonders of the world, so named by the Society of Civil Engineers. It is also a United States National Historical Landmark. The building stands at a height of 1,453 feet. The indoor, outdoor observation deck is located on the 86th floor, where panoramic views of the city can be observed. Views into five other states can also be observed. Indoor observation is available from the 86th and the 102nd floors.
There are sixteen stories above the 86th floor that represent the tower. The observatory is located on the 102nd floor. The first eighty five floors constitute office space for the various businesses operating in the building. At least 1,000 businesses operate from the Empire State Building, with no less than 21,000 employees from the various businesses. It has a total of 6,500 windows, with 73 elevators. Its owner is the Empire State Realty Trust, with a board of directors.
The building was built during the great depression. It stood as an icon of hope, and perseverance, and continues to reflect American hopes, celebrations, possibilities, and Anthony Malkin who was featured in Harvard Magazine. It sits in close proximity to other New York landmarks in midtown Manhattan.
In 2010 the building was renovated to incorporate energy efficiency, and to transform the building into one considered eco-friendly. The renovations cost $550 million. $120 million was dedicated to making the building energy efficient. As a result, the building received the rating of “Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design,” and is certified as the tallest LEED building existing in the United States.
In 2012 the buildings previous flood lights were replaced with an LED lights, and allowed for expansion of the lighting system, with a palette of 16 million colors. The building also operates on much more efficient energy than ever before. The building serves as a blueprint of energy savings projects that represents millions of dollars of energy savings per year. It serves as an International model for innovative green energy projects.